Additive Manufacturing: Behavior-Based Concrete Deposition

Innsbruck, Austria
Technology Seminar: Robotic Fabrication

situatedFabrications explores design through generative fabrication methods that utilise situated robotic protocols to engage in real-time sensing and fabrication behaviours. As a behaviour-based approach to 3D Printing in concrete, robot operations negotiate pre-determined design intention, real-time feedback and encoded algorithmic design behaviours in order to produce novel Additively Manufactured works. The seminar focused on the design and prototyping of a concrete architectural screen partial mockup. Digital and physical processes will aim to embody spatial, formal and material affects that arise from their integrated design and production process. Messy and engaging; these processes involve novel forms of participation and in-direct control, and aim to challenge the explicit nature of established robotic fabrication procedures. 

Visiting Professor: Robert Stuart-Smith

Academic Chair: Marjan Colletti

Academic Staff:  
Johannes Ladinig, Georg Grasser, Pedja Gavrilovic,  

Andreas Auer
Monique banks
Marcus Bernhard
Thomas Bortondello
Marc Differding
Christophe Fanck
Konstantin Jauck
Emanuel Kravanja
Jil Medinger
Sonia Molina-Gil
Pol Olk
Michael Schwaiger
Mario Shaaya
Melina Stefanova
David Stieler
Theresa Uitz
Matthias Vinatzer
Alexandra Zeinhofer

Real-Time Subtractive Manufacturing

SwarmRelief forms part of a series of works exploring Behavioural Production; which seeks to compress design and production within one creative process. The relief is designed partially through generative multi-agent computational processes executed on a computer, and partially through algorithms executed in real-time directly within the fabrication process. This real-time code determines the precise behaviour of a CNC machine’s trajectory and velocity in which it carves out a series of curves. These curves are qualitatively enhanced through the algorithms engagement with the machining process that differentiates its behaviour throughout time and space. The overall affect of the piece arises from this process and describes a detail of fabrication not easily replicated without engagement with the real-time operation of the machine. Fusing design and production within one creative process opens up design freedoms not possible through computational design processes alone, and enables design to embrace production contingencies such as reducing machine-time as a productive constraint that drives competitive innovation within design.

Research Director: Robert Stuart-Smith.  Research Team: Maria Chiou

Aerial Weaving

AADRL Aerial Woven Installation
AA School of Architecture, London
post-professional masters design research

A group of quadcopters design and build a three-dimensional woven structure in real-time utilizing SLAM for localisation. The quadcopters operate in an autonomous and choreographed manner, adapting to the spatial specifics of this environment, which although indoors, was not undertaken utilizing global positioning(such as Vicon or GPS). By fabricating the instalation in-situ, a 3-dimensional weave of threads can be constructed that would not be achievable with conventional factory weaving machines. The ability for aerial robots to adapt construction activities to any siteoffers up new opportunities for architectural design. The design research exploits the structural capability of tension cables to span over large distances, both horizontally and vertically, while maintaining structural integrity. The research explores the possibility of combining structure and space within one design system that is based on principles of connectivity, weaving and bundling, where design and construction are specific to site, and take place in parallel.

robert stuart-smith

studio technical consultant:
tyson hosmer
manos matsis

advisory consultants: AKT2 Structural Engineering

alejandra rojas
karthikeyan arunachalam
maria garcia
melhem sfeir

Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing (AerialABM, AML-UCL)

AML-UPENN's affiliate lab, AML-UCL is undertaking research into Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing(Aerial ABM.  Aerial ABM is a UK EPSRC funded research that will develop an aerial robotic construction system that enables aerial robots to 3D print building structures autonomously. Additive Building Manufacturing (ABM), is already being trialed in many parts of the world and involves the use of large robots on a building site to 3D Print (extrude) building materials to construct buildings. The research aims to miniaturize ABM and provide it with aerial capabilities so that it can be more mobile, and able to manufacture complex building structures while adapting to diverse site scenarios. This miniaturization will also enable parallel production, where swarms of aerial printers working together could potentially reduce construction time and enable safer construction in hard-to access and dangerous conditions; often faced in construction work at-height and post-disaster reconstruction.  The project is a collaboration between the AML at University College of London,  Imperial College, University of Bath, and the Architectural Association School of Architecture.